Tuesday, 12 April 2011
April 12, 2011
INES (the International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale) Rating on the Events in Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station by the Tohoku District - off the Pacific Ocean Earthquake
1. INES INES is the rating, which International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
and Nuclear Energy Agency, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD/NEA) established and proposed to the Member States in March 1992, in order to indicate the impact on safety by the individual event in a nuclear facility and so on. Japan has also utilized it since 1 August 1992.
2. Events in Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS, TEPCO, by the Tohoku District - off the Pacific Ocean Earthquake
On 18 March, the ratings of the events in Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS by the Tohoku District - off the Pacific Ocean Earthquake were informed to be temporarily assessed as Level 5, considering information obtained before March 18th. However, Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency (NISA) estimated the total amount of discharged radioactive materials from the reactors of Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS to the air, making a trial
The Rating of the International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale (INES) on the events in Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station (NPS), Tokyo Electric Power Co. Inc. (TEPCO), caused by the Tohoku District - off the Pacific Ocean Earthquake is temporarily assessed as Level 7, considering information obtained after March 18th.
However, the amount of discharged radioactive materials is approximately 10 percent of the Chernobyl accident which was assessed on the same level.calculation using the result of analysis of the situation of the reactors and so on, which was carried out by Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization (JNES). This estimation resulted in the value corresponding to Level 7 of INES rating*, as listed in the following table..
* The value representing radiation impact, which is converted to the amount equivalent to 131I (Iodine), exceeds several tens of thousands of tera-becquerel (of the order of magnitude as 1016 Bq).
In addition, Nuclear Safety Commission of Japan (NSC) also estimated and announced the result of the trial calculation in the current stage regarding the total amount of discharged radioactive materials to the air, which had been being carried out in the Commission. This trial calculation is counted backward from the results of monitoring data of 131I and 137Cs (Caesium) as the total amount of the discharge from the Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS, This results in the value corresponding to Level 7 of INES rating as well.
(Reference) from Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS Amount of the
Assumed amount of the discharge
Estimated by NISA NSC
discharge from the Chernobyl accident
8.5×1016 Bq 3.4×1018 Bq
131I ... (a)
(Converted value to 131I) ... (b)
(a) + (b)
6.1×1015 Bq 2.4×1017 Bq
1.2×1016 Bq 4.8×1017 Bq
(Notes)The conversion of the values to be equivalent to radiation impact of 131I regarding the NISA’s estimation and the NSC’s
announcement were carried out by NISA in accordance with the INES User’s Manual.
Although Level 7 is the highest level of INES rating, it is estimated that the amount of discharged radioactive materials to the environment in the current stage is approximately 10 percent of the Chernobyl accident, which was assessed on the same level in the past.
3. Procedures to be taken This information is about the result of the total amount of the
discharge from Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS in the current stage. As radioactive materials are being released to the environment, NISA will continuously gather and evaluate information.
In addition, the official level of INES will be determined, considering the technical evaluation from specialist view points made by INES Evaluation Subcommittee (Chairman: Dr. Naoto Sekimura, Professor of University of Tokyo, Nuclear Professional School Engineering, Department of Nuclear Engineering and Management), which set up in the Nuclear and Industrial Safety Subcommittee of the Advisory Committee for Natural Resources and Energy, after the recurrence prevention measures are confirmed based on the concrete causes found.
(Contact Person) Mr. Toshihiro Bannai Director, International Affairs Office,
NISA/METI Phone: +81-(0)3-3501-1087
Posted by Reg Illingworth at 09:14